On Saturday, 30 year-old Gambian waitress Khady Jetou will hail a shared taxi to a polling station earlier than her shift at a busy sports activities bar in Senegambia, Gambia’s principal vacationer strip. She is going to forged her vote within the nation’s presidential election by tossing a marble down the pipe of a drum, serving to to seal the destiny of her nation’s future.
Gambia’s half-a-century previous voting system was launched after independence from the UK in 1965 in a bid to help illiterate voters.
Saturday will mark Jetou’s first time voting in what’s shaping as much as be a detailed two-man race. The chief of the biggest opposition United Democratic Get together (UDP), 73 year-old Ousainou Darboe, hopes to oust President Adama Barrow from the Nationwide Individuals’s Get together (NPP).
Darboe has amassed burgeoning assist amongst voters who’re demanding a recent method to kickstart Gambia’s flatlining financial system. But critics accuse him of stoking tribalism, whereas others say his platform is mild on coverage.
“I’m the one one out of my six siblings to have a job, so what future do now we have as issues stand?” says Jetou, who’s torn between voting for Darboe, or one of many different six candidates standing for election.
Pandemic overshadows new daybreak
The tiny West African vacationer hub is battling a youth unemployment disaster as Covid guts its essential tourism sector. Many proceed to plot their route by way of ‘the again means’ to Europe, regardless of almost everybody realizing somebody who has died in a leaky boat crossing the Mediterranean.
Tourism helps 42,000 direct jobs and 40,000 jobs not directly in Gambia within the nation of two.four million folks, and accounts for over 20% of GDP, in response to the UNDP.
It is a sharp decline from 2017 when jobs within the sector stood at 139,000 – nearly 19% of complete employment.
Covid worn out the final two tourism seasons, and risky commodity costs and provide chain contractions have hit Gambia’s agricultural sector and exports, which account for about one quarter of GDP and make use of 75% of the labour drive.
Regardless of the pandemic ravaging economies worldwide, Gambians have been “anticipating to hit the reset button and have a honest and real financial and democratic transition,” says Nyang Njie, an financial analyst.
President Barrow, a relative outsider when he got here to energy in 2017 – and a former property developer following a stint as a safety guard in London – grew to become chief of his former UDP-led coalition after Darboe was imprisoned by Yayha Jammeh in 2016 for protesting the loss of life of an opposition activist in custody.
Jammeh fled the nation 5 years in the past after refusing to concede defeat after 22 years of dictatorial rule, marred by allegations of human rights abuses. Underneath strain from Ecowas, Jammeh was exiled to Equatorial Guinea the place he stays, and Barrow promised to remain in energy for under three years as a transitional president.
In 2019, he broke ranks by registering a brand new celebration, the NPP, in pursuit of a second time period in workplace. This introduced hundreds of protestors onto the streets of Serekunda, Gambia’s largest metropolis, and created a wedge between Barrow and former supporters who accuse him of buying a style for energy.
The final 5 years of Barrow’s presidency has introduced improvement. He inaugurated a brand new bridge over the river Gambia to spice up commerce with Senegal, and his eye for infrastructure initiatives has stoked curiosity from power traders looking for exploration alternatives, following massive scale oil and fuel discoveries in Senegal and Mauritania.
The Gambian power sector is within the early levels of improvement, however is brimming with potential. The monetary sector has attracted a rising variety of subsidiaries of regional banks, a lot of that are worthwhile.
Because the financial system seeks to wean itself off faltering agriculture and tourism revenues, Barrow’s authorities has continued to depend on overseas loans for improvement, with many households making ends meet from non-public remittances despatched from Gambians dwelling overseas.
Gambians despatched house $657.2m from January to October this 12 months, 3 times the determine the nation earned from tourism in 2019, when the worldwide journey group Thomas Prepare dinner went bust.
Is change coming?
Ousainou Darboe is operating below the #changeiscoming platform that focuses on youth employment, funding in schooling, well being and power.
A November opinion ballot confirmed 22% of these surveyed supposed to vote for Darboe, and 41% for Barrow, though 23% remained undecided.
Nyang Njie says Barrow continues to lose votes after his NPP shaped a coalition with Jammeh’s previous APRC celebration, and the UDP is prone to have closed floor in current weeks.
Barrow’s break up along with his previous celebration incensed many citizens of the Mandinka ethnic group – the biggest in Gambia – who really feel they have been marginalised throughout Jammeh’s regime, and have rallied round Darboe.
Barrow’s opponents say he represents a continuation of the established order, “that means Jammeh 2.0,” says Njie, after Barrow didn’t implement safety sector and constitutional reform or presidential time period limits. Perpetrators of violence and looting throughout Jammeh’s regime are nonetheless but to be totally prosecuted.
“Our structure grants folks the fitting of meeting however immediately you may’t have a political assembly with out the discretion of the inspector basic of police to concern a allow. So these are the issues Gambians have been attempting to eliminate and to get stronger establishments and weaker women and men,” says Njie.
As Thursday’s last day of campaigning drew to a detailed, Serekunda’s streets have been lit up with brilliant yellow t-shirts from Darboe’s supporters who blew vuvuzelas and rode alongside on vehicles, with the sounds of Darboe’s speeches and Afrobeat music blaring out from sound techniques rigged to the again of the pickups.
UDP voters are certain of victory and say Darboe will seize the chance to develop the nation after three earlier election defeats.
Barrow’s supporters hope the foundations of financial development laid over the past 5 years, the broad coalition that he’s constructed among the many voters, and his measured and calm private character, might be sufficient to safe one other 5 12 months time period.
“The notion of Barrow’s thought of self-perpetuation could have made him blind nonetheless, and it’s doable that Gambians may punish him for such an motion,” stated Njie.