That is half four of a 6-part sequence.
It took Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) two years to oust his cousin, Mohammed bin Nayef (MBN), from Saudi Arabia’s throne. His plan was not a foregone conclusion. In 2015, MBS’s 30 years of age couldn’t maintain a candle to his cousin’s 56. Regardless of having no earlier navy expertise, Prince Mohammed had simply been appointed defence minister, whereas Nayef, serving as inside minister since 2012, had an completed profession within the safety and intelligence subject.
‘They saved my butt greater than as soon as’
At the beginning of the millennium, Nayef had change into Saudi Arabia’s go-to counterterrorism skilled. Skilled by the FBI and Scotland Yard, he started his profession on the inside ministry, the place he was head of intelligence and finally inside minister, a publish that had him working carefully with the CIA. He developed ties with David Petraeus, the previous CIA director underneath Obama, and has a community of contacts on the US Division of State.
Well liked by the People, Nayef was certainly one of just some Saudi princes who mastered the problems he was tasked with dealing with. In 2010, he alerted the CIA to a cargo aircraft bomb plot involving two plane sure for the USA.
Jon Finer, who served as chief of employees for former secretary of state John Kerry, was impressed by Nayef’s potential to often present important intelligence on jihadist actions. A Riyadh-based US Division of State worker as soon as mentioned of MBN’s workforce: “They saved my butt greater than as soon as.”
In April 2015, when King Salman named Nayef crown prince, Washington seen him as the perfect successor. In his residence nation, the fortunate crown prince-elect was thought-about a nationwide hero.
However even earlier than his nomination, some indicators pointed to his being edged out. In March 2015, MBS orchestrated and initiated a navy marketing campaign in Yemen with out a lot as informing his cousin. Step by step, the wannabe crown prince severed Nayef’s ties together with his American pals.
The scenario rapidly took a flip for the more serious through the summer time of 2015, when then overseas minister Adel al-Jubeir talked up MBS to his US counterpart, Kerry. “He’s the way forward for the dominion,” Al-Jubeir informed him. Kerry took be aware, however sought to keep away from getting blended up in Saudi Arabia’s succession struggle in any respect prices.
Across the similar time, Saad Aljabri, who had been MBN’s chief of employees and journey companion for 15 years, paid a go to to the White Home to replace the US administration – which was fairly keen on him – on the struggle in Yemen. Nayef was squarely towards the struggle and his stance was all MBS’s clan wanted to accuse him of in search of to discredit the king’s son. In September, Nayef and Aljabri realized on dwell TV of King Salman’s plans to fireside the latter, thereby depriving the inside minister of his closest aide.
You realize why Nayef can’t be king. He’ll neither be accepted by the Saudis nor any of us. He can’t be king. He gained’t be. – UAE’s MBZ
A couple of weeks later, Nayef was on the point of welcome US Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Joseph Westphal when the diplomat was taken apart by MBS’s workforce in Jeddah. The king’s son informed Westphal he wanted to see him, reassuring him that he would have loads of time to satisfy with the crown prince afterwards.
However that’s not the way in which issues went. MBS dragged out the tête-à-tête for therefore lengthy that the 2 males have been unable to satisfy ultimately. The White Home grasped that an inner struggle was enjoying out. Whereas the US noticed Nayef as essentially the most well-placed to take over the throne, it had additionally change into clear that the nation would wish to develop a trust-based relationship with the ascendant MBS.
All of the extra in order that Nayef was more and more much less able to countering his energetic cousin’s affect. A suicide bomb assault carried out by an Al Qaeda militant in 2009 had injured him extra critically than he cared to confess. Because of his rising dependency on painkillers, he had generally been absent from the political stage, and he even nodded off as soon as in the course of a gathering with then US president Barack Obama.
US intelligence company stories had famous his painkiller dependancy and use of medicine to remain awake, in addition to his style for cross-dressing and penchant for males. Gulf state royals are properly conscious of those allegations and Mohammed bin Zayed (MBZ), the crown prince of Abu Dhabi and UAE strongman who took MBS underneath his wing, delights in reminding his influential US pals of this data.
Throughout a lunch at his Virginia manor, Zayed as soon as informed a number of American officers: “You realize why Nayef can’t be king. He’ll neither be accepted by the Saudis nor any of us. He can’t be king. He gained’t be.”
Sensing hazard, Nayef prolonged his yearly searching journey to Algeria by a number of weeks and stopped responding to his US contacts. MBS took benefit of this lengthy absence to advertise, over the course of 2016, his imaginative and prescient of the dominion’s future.
‘Israel isn’t an enemy of Saudi Arabia’
US delegations have been coming one after the opposite to Riyadh, as a rule on the invitation of the king and his son, affording the People the chance to satisfy influential Saudis.
Republican Senator Lindsey Graham fell underneath the spell of the younger prince, praising his clear-sightedness in regards to the kingdom’s financial and societal challenges. One such delegation, made up of lecturers, former ambassadors, congressional aides and different influential political advisers in Washington, arrived in Riyadh in August 2016.
After a quick assembly with King Salman, the group met Nayef, who seemed exhausted and appeared unable to reply their questions on subjects corresponding to financial reform, the struggle in Yemen and the battle in Syria. He was even stumped by safety questions, his space of experience. The assembly was over in lower than an hour and MBS was subsequent on their schedule. Instantly, the extremely energetic prince emphasised the significance of US-Saudi relations and dived into points like Syria, Yemen, Iraq, the Israeli-Palestinian battle, oil coverage and spiritual reform.
MBS acknowledged that Saudi Arabia wanted to enhance its picture within the West, however expressed confidence that the reforms he had deliberate would achieve success. Then, to the shock of his visitors, he mentioned, “Israel isn’t an enemy of Saudi Arabia.” The assembly lasted two hours and each customer in attendance noticed in him a future chief.
In January 2017, Donald Trump took workplace as US president. His son-in-law and particular adviser, Jared Kushner, rapidly befriended MBS and MBZ.
After many months of inertia, Nayef resolved to take motion. Pressed by US intelligence company officers he labored with who have been involved about his sidelining, he employed Robert Stryk, a lobbyist with connections to high-ranking Republican Celebration members. He was tasked with reminding the incoming US administration of MBN’s significance as a key ally, but it surely was already too late. Not lengthy after Stryk was recruited, Trump made a visit to Riyadh and no official assembly with Nayef was on his schedule.
On the finish of the month, MBS discreetly despatched an envoy to Washington who introduced to Trump administration officers that his boss was on the point of oust Nayef.
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The king would love his son to change into crown prince…
On the night of 20 June 2017, Nayef obtained a name summoning him to the royal palace. As soon as he arrived, his safety element was detained outdoors and disarmed, and he was informed that the king needed to talk with him alone. Simply earlier than midnight, whereas ready in a sitting room, the “visitor” realised he was being held prisoner.
In the meantime, MBS’s workplace had contacted the members of the Allegiance Council. “The king would love his son to change into crown prince,” they have been informed. “What’s your selection?” The destiny of those that dared go towards the monarch’s desire remained unclear at that time limit. MBS was named crown prince, with 31 out of 34 members voting in his favour.
An envoy proceeded to tell Nayef of the information and handed him a resignation letter to signal. In line with an individual near MBN, “He was horrified”, and declined to signal the letter. For a lot of hours, his rival’s supporters took turns visiting him within the sitting room and harassed him. Some threatened to leak details about his painkiller dependancy to the general public, whereas others made him take heed to recordings of different princes who backed MBS. One customer requested him if he deliberate to go away the palace in a single piece.
Although Nayef held his floor the complete night time, his poor well being caught up with him. At daybreak, the exhausted crown prince agreed to a compromise: as an alternative of signing the letter of resignation, he would resign verbally. Pondering he would be capable of formalise the verbal settlement later within the day, he headed for the exit. It was 7am. Immediately, a door swung open and he discovered himself surrounded by cameras, welcomed by MBS, who assumed the function of a respectful inferior. The switch of energy was efficient instantly. “I’m off to get some relaxation now. And also you, might God assist you to,” Nayef informed him.
MBS, 31, was named crown prince by decree of King Salman. He additionally turned deputy prime minister and would retain his publish as defence minister. Within the wake of the announcement, Nayef was dismissed from each publish he held, together with his function as inside minister. Confined to his palace, the 57-year-old’s political profession was over. The ultimate blow got here in March 2020, when he was accused of planning a coup and arrested. Up to now, his destiny stays unknown.