Hip-busting dry clutches, a tanker-like turning circle and shonky wiring are only a few of the widespread grumbles levelled at early JCB Fastrac fashions.
The checklist of illnesses has been sufficient to keep off many a possible purchaser, however the agency’s efforts to iron out the creases meant that later fashions have been much more user-friendly and reliable.
Unsurprisingly, savvy patrons have cottoned on to this truth and there’s now a wholesome demand for sure tractors constructed within the mid- to late 2000s.
One such vary is the last-generation 2000-series, which was launched in 2007 and included simply two fashions – the 2155 and the 2170. These have been similar, save for a tweak to the ECU that upped the ability output from 160hp to 171hp.
See additionally: Ideas for sustaining a Fendt 700-series tractor
Key promoting factors are the nearly indestructible 6.7-litre Cummins QSB engine, dependable Smoothshift moist clutch, 60kph prime velocity, ABS brakes, and the choice of four-wheel steering.
The tractors had a seven-year manufacturing run and have been outmoded by the 4000 sequence, which introduced in an Agco/Sisu engine, Fendt Vario transmission and a significantly increased price ticket.
If properly maintained, the 2000s can clock up excessive hours with comparatively little outlay. Nonetheless, they must be sorted and there are many abused examples round that can give bother and value cash to place proper.
With the assistance of Malcolm Davies, joint director at Warwickshire JCB vendor LQG Agri, we check out crucial areas to be careful for when working or shopping for one in every of these machines.
The tractor featured is a well-maintained 2013 mannequin 2170 with 5,100-hours and 63,000 miles on the clock, which belongs to contractor WE Sutton.
Most of the pointers talked about right here will apply to the sooner 2140s that have been constructed from 2004 to 2006. These tractors had a smaller 5.9-litres Cummins six-cylinder engine creating 142hp, a barely shorter chassis and prime velocity was restricted to 50kph.
The sort and situation of tyres fitted to a Fastrac is likely one of the largest giveaways to the type of previous it’s had.
Put on needs to be pretty even, so if the lugs are filed off on the corners it reveals that the tractor has been hauled into bends and roundabouts at excessive velocity.
This aggressive driving places pressure on steering and suspension bushes and offers the drivetrain a battering. For these seeking to purchase a tractor with this type of tyre put on, it’s price taking a really shut have a look at the steering and suspension elements talked about beneath.
Additionally, test that the tractor has the correct speed-rated tyres, which ought to have a D or E marking. Normal tyres are about 15% cheaper, however they run the chance of overheating and will lead to authorized issues if the tractor is concerned in an accident.
Antiroll bar bushes
Antiroll bar bushes will put on over time and that is exacerbated on tractors which are pushed arduous. Get underneath the entrance and wobble the bar to test for play.
Worn bushes are comparatively easy to switch and value about £three every, so a cautious proprietor ought to have saved on prime of those. If run for lengthy intervals with shot bushes, the antiroll bar might additionally want changing – these are available in at about £194.
A take a look at drive will reveal loads in regards to the state of the entrance axle and steering. There shouldn’t be any juddering, pulling to 1 aspect or play within the wheel. If all shouldn’t be properly, it’s additionally price having a look on the situation of the steering arms and getting the monitoring checked.
If the tractor sits lop-sided on the entrance, one of many springs might have misplaced its bounce. That is normally brought on by the tractor sitting for lengthy intervals of time, nevertheless it can be all the way down to the way in which it’s been pushed.
The axle bump stops will assist present if so – they need to be a neat semi-circular form with few indicators of compression or harm. In the event that they’re bashed, damaged or lacking altogether, it means the tractor has most likely been pushed quick on tough floor.
Alternative springs value about £230 and they’re easy to suit as soon as the entrance of the tractor has been jacked up.
Rear hydro-pneumatic suspension
If the tractor is sitting erratically on the rear, it may very well be that the levelling rods for the hydro-pneumatic suspension want adjusting.
These are positioned roughly consistent with the entrance of the rear wheels and they are often wound up or all the way down to get the tractor stage.
Nonetheless, if the suspension gained’t carry correctly on one aspect or it rides rock arduous, it may very well be that one of many accumulators is on the blink.
These are positioned subsequent to the hydro-pneumatic dampers and replacements value about £97. They’re comparatively simple to suit.
Fastrac propshafts want common greasing and inspection to ensure there aren’t any failures.
Grovelling beneath to do that is much from enjoyable, nevertheless it’s one of the vital vital upkeep jobs to hold out. If a common joint does give out, the propshaft can flail round and trigger costly harm to different elements.
There are entrance and rear axle props to grease, in addition to the one for the rear pto – entrance ptos are very uncommon on 2155s and 2170s.
If shopping for a tractor, positively crawl beneath, test for indicators that grease has been utilized repeatedly and wobble the props to test for play. Alternative common joint kits are £76 every.
Steering angle sensors
The optionally available Quadtronic four-wheel steering system is a sought-after possibility on the 2000 sequence, because it dramatically improves the turning circle and makes the tractor much more manoeuvrable.
It additionally permits the rear axle to trace the entrance, lowering crop harm when the tractor is teamed with a demount sprayer.
The draw back is that the steering angle sensors can provide up. If the tractor sticks in a single steering mode or will get misplaced someplace between the 2, this may very well be the issue.
Every axle has its personal sensor fitted to the highest of one of many slew pots, and the issues happen once they come into contact with corrosive supplies reminiscent of street salt and fertiliser. They value £129 every and so they’re fairly easy to switch.
If new sensors don’t remedy the issue, broken wiring may very well be guilty, which could be harder to search out and restore – see beneath.
Wiring isn’t one of many Fastrac’s sturdy fits and there are a variety of locations the place the cables can entice moisture and corrode.
The enjoyable begins on the subject of pinpointing the issue, as virtually all wiring is similar color. Wires are numbered, however this writing wears off over time, making it difficult to work out which wire does what.
Endurance and a very good multi-meter are due to this fact important when going searching for a fault.
Each the 2155 and the 2170 are fitted with exterior disc brakes on all corners and so they include ABS as customary.
They’re basically beefed-up variations of what you’d discover on a automotive, which makes them straightforward to examine and easy to keep up.
Pad life varies massively in accordance with the way in which the tractor is pushed and the atmosphere it’s utilized in, however in regular circumstances they need to be capable to final the 500hrs between service intervals.
Discs can maintain going for hundreds of hours, offered the pads are modified in good time and so they’re not left coated in fertiliser or scored by stones and grit. Alternative pads value £118 and discs are £150.
The braking system has air-over-hydraulic actuation and there are separate air tanks and cylinders for the entrance, rear and trailer braking circuits.
To stop corrosion, condensation needs to be drained from the air tanks repeatedly, through the hand-operated valves on the underside. It’s additionally vital to examine the grasp cylinders for leaks – these could be discovered underneath the right-hand steps, together with the battery and the discharge deal with for the bonnet.
It’s price noting that these tractors have a 12V trailer ABS provide socket that works independently of the tractor’s system.
The handbrake on the 2000-series is a dry disc on the rear propshaft, which is utilized mechanically by a spring and launched by air strain.
It’s vital to maintain on prime of the upkeep and adjustment, in any other case it’s going to drag and put on out prematurely.
An important job is to grease the linkage repeatedly and pay attention out for a rattle throughout driving. This means that it’s catching and desires some consideration.
The 2170 and 2155 are fitted with a 6.7-litre Cummins QSB engine that’s nearly indestructible if correctly serviced.
It’s a easy powerplant for a tractor of this age, that includes 4 valves per cylinder and an easy fixed-geometry turbo, with the one comparatively fashionable addition being a common-rail injection system.
Tuning chips are one of many primary issues maintain an eye fixed out for. These tractors can be utilized to tow some fairly weighty trailers and with 171hp underneath the bonnet (160hp within the 2155), operators need to work the gears arduous once they hit the hills.
Consequently, many have been chipped to about 200hp and a few will probably be placing out the most effective a part of 240hp. The engine is powerful sufficient to take a bit of additional energy, however should you’re looking to buy a chipped tractor, take further care to look at the situation of the propshafts and working gear.
Service intervals are 500 hours and the engine needs to be run on 15W-40 oil.
The Smoothshift clutch is an enormous enchancment over the dry clutch fitted in earlier Fastracs, each by way of operation and reliability.
If used considerately, it needs to be good for 10,000 to 12,000 hours. Alternative may very well be on the playing cards if shopping for a high-hour or abused machine and it’s a comparatively large job that includes lifting the cab.
The price of having this executed at a vendor is about £1,500.
Each the 2155 and 2170 run an Eaton Fuller six-speed transmission with three splitters, which is hooked up to a three-speed JCB vary field. This offers a complete of 54 ahead gears and 18 in reverse.
Vary modifications are carried out on the left-hand shuttle lever whereas at a standstill and the six-speeds are shifted by dipping the clutch and transferring the floor-mounted gearstick. As for the splitters, these could be modified manually or mechanically utilizing the buttons on the highest of the gearstick.
It’s not essentially the most user-friendly setup, nevertheless it’s dependable and solely offers bother if it’s handled actually badly. If shopping for, be aware of how properly the tractor shifts by means of the splits – if there are lengthy delays or the change is especially harsh, it’s not in the most effective of nick.
Drivers which are tough with the gearstick have additionally been recognized to interrupt the selector forks, that are a ache to switch. If the stick wobbles round and shifts are imprecise, this may very well be the issue.
Transmission oil needs to be modified each 1,000 hours, together with the rear axle oil.
Air compressor oil leak
Gaskets can fail on the base of the air compressor, which causes an oil leak that will get worse over time. Fortunately, the gaskets are easy to switch and so they solely value £10.
The black paintwork is notoriously poor high quality on Fastracs from this period and it’s sensible to the touch up areas of flaky paint earlier than the corrosion units in.
Frequent bother spots embrace the framework across the decrease cab window sections, the rear cab panel and the underside of the cab door body.
Some tractors could have had massive sections of the black paint rubbed again and repainted to nip the issue within the bud.
The rear nook glass is prone to cracking if knocked, significantly the part behind the passenger seat. It’s normally the primary one to go as gadgets get wedged behind the seat and put strain on the pane.
Replacements are available and, at £161, they’re not that costly for a customized piece of curved glass.
The 2155 and 2155 have been accessible with guide or electrical spools and the latter are recognized to be unreliable.
It’s typically uneconomical to repair a difficult electrical spool system, so many tractors could have been transformed to guide spools. Kits can be found to switch any tractors nonetheless on the fly-by-wire setup.
Guide spools give little in the way in which of bother, however the cables can work free over time, which causes an irritating rattle throughout driving. The repair is affordable, however awkward – it includes eradicating the rear tray or spider body and grovelling underneath the cab to tighten the adjusters.
Rear linkage and pick-up hitch
The rear linkage with Dromone pick-up hitch is a straightforward association and pretty dependable, with confirmed Bosch electronics within the cab.
Nonetheless, if a tractor spends a variety of its time with a demount spraying on the again, the linkage pins can seize stable. To the uninitiated, it will probably seem to be the controls have failed, nevertheless it’s practically all the time corrosion that’s guilty.
Eradicating, cleansing and greasing the pins ought to rectify the issue.
Hubs comprise a comparatively small quantity of oil and it’s vital that that is modified each 500 hours. Neglect will trigger leaks over time and eventual failure.
Oil stage and situation could be checked by eradicating the bungs. It’s additionally a good suggestion to search for indicators of swarf.
2000 sequence value information
Costs range dramatically in accordance with hours and situation, with rougher examples accessible for about £25,000 and tidy, high-spec tractors going for greater than £50,000. Mannequin quantity doesn’t have a big bearing on the value.