Amid all the opposite information, you possibly can be forgiven for not figuring out that the federal government has branded 2021 the UK’s yr of local weather motion. It’s additionally the yr the UK hosts the UN local weather change summit, COP26, in November.
We’ve heard the narrative round local weather change, and particularly “internet zero”, construct steadily over the previous few years; in 2019 the NFU outlined its plan for British agriculture to achieve internet zero emissions by 2040, intently adopted by the federal government’s personal goal of a internet zero financial system by 2050.
See additionally: Carbon credit – a long-term revenue choice for farmers?
Concerning the writer
NFU deputy president
Stuart Roberts is a Hertfordshire cereal and beef farmer and the NFU’s deputy president. Right here he considers the threats and alternatives for farmers as the federal government seeks to develop an emissions buying and selling scheme.
And it’s not simply the NFU and authorities making noises. The general public has additionally made it clear that extra must be completed by every of us to mitigate our influence on the local weather.
At present, agriculture contributes 10% of the UK’s greenhouse gasoline emissions. Whereas different sectors, similar to transport and vitality, emit rather more, farming has a task to play in decreasing its emissions. Nonetheless, these reductions will probably be rather more gradual, as land-based adjustments merely can’t occur in a single day.
Relating to carbon sequestration, agriculture is exclusive in its capability to take carbon out of the ambiance, not solely counterbalancing our personal emissions however enjoying a component in carbon elimination for different sectors too.
Farmers are in an amazing place to extract worth from this carbon, however it’s an awfully complicated space of coverage and one that features dangers in addition to rewards.
The primary problem is to find out and attribute a monetary worth to carbon saved or carbon emissions averted, as a sturdy carbon worth will probably be essential if farm companies are to include this into their plans.
The federal government is already testing this. For the reason that begin of the yr, a UK-specific emissions buying and selling scheme has been carried out for probably the most energy-intensive industries. This permits for a restricted quantity of free carbon emissions and companies are charged in the event that they go over their allowance.
However, as its title suggests, corporations may commerce their allowances; if one enterprise goes to go over its allowance it might make a cope with one other enterprise which has a surplus. As an business which is healthier positioned than most to ship greenhouse gasoline removals, there could also be an actual alternative for agriculture to learn from a scheme like this.
Conversely, as the federal government places strain on companies to scale back emissions, there may be additionally the opportunity of a carbon tax on inputs. This might put UK farmers at a aggressive drawback (except, in fact, a carbon cost can be utilized to agri-food imports).
This could influence on our profitability, and doubtlessly result in displacing UK meals manufacturing, and the emissions concerned in producing it, to different nations with decrease environmental credentials.
Local weather change is a world subject, so international buy-in is essential – an enormous problem contemplating not each nation is in the identical place because the UK when it comes to committing to local weather motion.
All these complexities are going to take time to iron out, so it’s unlikely that agriculture will probably be considerably affected for some years but. However finally it’s inevitable. We have to begin asking ourselves, “the place would I stand to learn from a carbon worth, the place may I be penalised from a carbon tax, and the way can I flip any dangers into a major reward?”
Whereas some areas of this coverage might stay unclear for a while, the NFU will work to assist farmers take advantage of this chance.